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Happiness, also known as Friendship, is a hidden value in Pokémon to reflect how much kindness players have shown to their Pokémon, and in return how much those Pokémon believe in their trainers. It is critical for triggering the evolution of many Pokémon species, and it also decides the power of 2 certain attacks, encouraging trainers to bond with their Pokémon.

About

First applying to the player's Starter Pokémon Pikachu in Pokémon Yellow, Happiness was quickly expanded to all Pokémon and has become an important aspect in almost all core series Pokémon games, as well as the Pokémon Anime to a certain extent. It is expressed in a hidden value between 0 to 255 for each Pokémon in the player's possession. A higher value means that the player has a close bond with his or her Pokémon. Note that each Pokémon has different base Happiness value, with Buneary and Type: Null starting with no happiness at all along with many Legendary and Mythical Pokémon.

Altering Happiness

Activities

There are many different ways to increase the happiness of a Pokémon, including walking or running for a long while with the required Pokémon in player's party, levelling up, using items on Pokémon, as well as winning important matches, such as Gym Battles or Pokémon League matches against Elite Four and the Champion. On the other hand, fainting and usage of herbs will cause the Pokémon's Happiness to plummet, while trading resets the Pokémon's Happiness to the base value, unless it is traded back to its Original Trainer, where according to a change in effect from Pokémon X and Y onwards and carried to Pokémon Brick Bronze, its Happiness will be restored to the value before being traded.

Items

Some items affect the amount of happiness Pokémon gains from an activity. They are Soothe Bell, Luxury Balls and Friend Balls, but only Luxury Balls and the Soothe Bell are currently available in-game. Luxury Balls are sold in Poké Ball Emporium, Anthian City - Shopping District. Soothe Bell is a held item that doubles the happiness value gained, found in the Skitty Lodge on Route 16 while Luxury Balls are a variation of Poké Balls that have the same effect of Soothe Bell for the Pokemon caught in these balls. Friend Balls are another variation of Poké Balls that automatically set the base happiness value of Pokémon caught in these balls to 200, making them significantly closer to evolution.

Happiness-based Evolutions

Here is a list of all known Pokémon evolving by gaining sufficient Happiness. Friendship-based evolutions occur after a level up when a Pokémon's Happiness value is at 220 or higher. Blackened rows mean that the Pokémon are not obtainable for now. Note that some Pokémon can only evolve in specific time of a day.

PokémonImageEvolved PokémonImage
Pichu
Pichu XY
Pikachu
Pikachu-M XY
Cleffa
Cleffa XY
Clefairy
Clefairy XY
Igglybuff
Igglybuff XY
Jigglypuff
Jigglypuff XY
Golbat
Golbat-M XY
Crobat
Crobat XY
Meowth
Alola Form
Meowth-Alola SM
Persian
Alola Form
Persian-Alola SM
Chansey
Chansey XY
Blissey
Blissey XY
Eevee
Eevee XY
Espeon
Daytime Only
Espeon XY
Umbreon
Overnight Only
Umbreon XY
Munchlax
Munchlax XY
Snorlax
Snorlax XY
Togepi
Togepi XY
Togetic
Togetic XY
Azurill
Azurill XY
Marill
Marill XY
Budew
Budew XY
Roselia
Daytime Only
Roselia-F XY
Chingling
Chingling XY
Chimecho
Overnight Only
Chimecho XY
Buneary
Buneary XY
Lopunny
Lopunny XY
Riolu
Riolu XY
Lucario
Daytime Only
Lucario XY
Woobat
Woobat XY
Swoobat
Swoobat XY
Swadloon
Swadloon XY
Leavanny
Leavanny XY
Type: Null
Type Null SM
Silvally
Silvally SM

Happiness-based Attacks

There are 2 attacks with variable powers according to the Pokémon's Happiness. Return's power is in direct proportion to the Happiness value, reaching the greatest power with Happiness at 255. Frustration works in the reverse, being in an inverse proportion and being the most powerful when the Happiness is 0. Both are purchasable TMs in Colosseum Marketplace, while Buneary learns Frustration naturally at Lv. 13. On the other hand, its evolved form Lopunny learns Return at the same level.

TypeTM NamePower / CategoryAccuracyPPAdditional EffectPrice
TM Normal
Normal
TM21 Frustration Varies;
Max: 102
Physical Category
100% 20 Increases power as the user's Happiness goes down. 45 BP
TM Normal
Normal
TM27 Return Varies;
Max: 102
Physical Category
100% 20 Increases power as the user's Happiness goes up.

Happiness Checker

The Happiness Checker is inside a normal small house located in Brimber City. He evaluates the happiness between the player and his or her leading Pokémon. The following table contains all quotes from the man and the corresponding range of happiness value to the quotes.

Statement Friendship
"It's extremely friendly toward you. It couldn't possibly love you more. It's a pleasure to see!" 255
"It seems to be very happy. It's obviously friendly toward you." 200-254
"It's quite friendly toward you. It seems to want to be babied a little." 150-199
"It's getting used to you. It seems to believe in you." 100-149
"It's not very used to you yet. It neither loves nor hates you." 50-99
"It's very wary. It has a scary look in its eyes. It doesn't like you much at all." 1-49
"This is a little hard for me to say...... Your Pokémon simply detests you. Doesn't that make you uncomfortable?" 0

Trivia

  • Buneary is widely known as one of the two hardest-to-evolve Pokémon that requires happiness to trigger evolution, as it has once been the only non-Legendary and non-Mythical Pokémon to have a base happiness of 0.
    • Type: Null now shares this trait after being introduced in Pokémon Sun and Moon.